In dairy ruminants, mastitis represents one of the most serious health issues causing the reduction of milk production, high veterinary care costs with increased use of antibiotics, and animal culling, all of which account for severe economic losses. Mastitis consists of the inflammation of the udder and is Nowadays, management of mastitis in dairy ruminants faces various problems: the resilience of high-yielding animals, poor efficacy of therapies and prevention antibiotic resistance, dubious efficacy of vaccines , quality of milk, reduced availability of food and water, climate change, and difficulties in early diagnosis. All of these problems should provoke the interest of researchers and practitioners to suggest affordable and effective control measures. Dairy ruminant farming should aim to select highly resilient and disease-resistant animals, produce high quality milk, reduce the consumption of antibiotics, take advantage of frugal feed, and develop mastitis prevention strategies and early diagnostic tools. To reach these goals, more detailed knowledge on host-pathogen interactions, immune response of the mammary gland of different ruminant species, resilience and resistance of diary ruminant species and breeds, and milk and udder microbiota composition need to be defined.
Rapid Identification Of Bovine Mastitis Pathogens Biology
Bovine Mastitis Case Study - Words | Cram
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Eshetu and Addisu Awekew and N. This livestock sector has been contributing considerable portion to the economy of the country, and still promising to rally round the economic development of the country. It is eminent that livestock products and by-products in the form of meat, milk, honey, eggs, cheese, and butter supply provide mainly the needed animal protein that contributes to the improvement of the nutritional status of the people CSA, Even… Expand.
Responsible Use of Antibiotics for Treatment of Clinical Mastitis
Dairy cow mastitis is an important disease in the dairy industry. Different microbial species have been identified as causative agents in mastitis, and are traditionally diagnosed by bacterial culture. The objective of this study was to use metagenomic pyrosequencing of bacterial 16S rRNA genes to investigate bacterial DNA diversity in milk samples of mastitic and healthy dairy cows and compare the results with those obtained by classical bacterial culture. One hundred and thirty-six milk samples were collected from cows showing signs of mastitis and used for microbiological culture. Additionally, 20 milk samples were collected from healthy quarters.
Abstract Gram-negative bacteria that commonly cause bovine mastitis are classified as environmental pathogens. The point sources of coliform bacteria that cause infections include bedding materials, soil, manure and other organic matter in the environment of cows. Rates of coliform mastitis increase during climatic periods that maximize populations in the environment.