Behavioural approaches take the view that behaviours are learned and continue to be used because they are rewarding for a child. These approaches can inform early interventions and behaviour modification strategies. Research suggests these approaches can be helpful for children with Down syndrome. Behavioural approaches have been used to teach new knowledge and skills in early intervention programmes since the s, especially for children with autism, but only recently have begun to be systematically applied and evaluated for children with Down syndrome. In a series of studies, they have focused on teaching infants and young children from 7 months of age communication skills including imitating verbal sounds, requesting a toy and question answering using behavioural approaches.
Case study of a 15 year old with Down syndrome
Tell me about Katie - Attitudes of mainstream year olds to a peer with Down syndrome
Once you know this, you can implement the right sort of methods in the teaching process. The idea is that when the child encounters a problem, they can simply use the prior knowledge to solve the issue. But scientific research has shown that it can be more beneficial for kids to know how to ignore prior knowledge and experience. In essence, the child is taught to be able to think outside of the box. Thesis statement: Infants, between 5 and 15 years old, can improve their math skills using alternative methods of learning by stimulating curiosity, building up critical analysis, and recognizing rules. In addition, children develop socialization and manage frustrations, while constructing knowledge through fun, playful, and effective methods such as toys, games, and technology apps and computer tools. Due to this, the curiosity favors the structuring of thought.
Learning to read at an early age: Case study of a Dutch boy
Down syndrome is the most common name. Most common signs of Down syndrome are a shorter height since the body grows slower, weak muscles, a shorter fatter neck, stocky arms and stocky legs. They also are known for slanted eyes, irregular shape mouth and tongue and crooked teeth.
If children with Down syndrome have overcome the difficulties with their health in their first years of life, speech development is their main problem area. Research from English speaking countries has proved, that with them one can start with teaching reading at the age of three or four, even before they start to speak, although this sounds unlikely. The advantages are that the very first bit of reading proficiency might be used to increase speech production, to train syntax and to improve articulation. The primary objective here clearly is reading to speak. A case study is presented of a boy with Down syndrome between the ages of 3 and 8.